Photo: Torrent Duck Merganetta armata male – JI Areta

This page is under construction be we hope it will soon include:

  • Links & Downloads to a variety of resources on Neotropical birds for students, researchers, and others.
  • Links other ornithological societies and groups in the Neotropics.
  • Links to internet resources like museums, biological collections, biodiversity heritage library, Neotropical Birds Online, SACC, among others. NOS members enjoy full access to the Ornithology Exchange, an online community of ornithologists from around the world. Stay connected with the latest news and job announcements, post on the forums, and much more.

(with the addition of journals, NGOs, museums and study opportunities at each country)


Society for Conservation and Study of Caribbean Birds, now called Birds Caribbean: This is a nonprofit membership organization working to conserve the birds of the Caribbean and their habitats through research, education, conservation action and capacity building. You will find archives for the Journal of Caribbean Ornithology (formerly El Pitirre) in this webpage.


Sociedad Mexicana de Ornitología (SMO): This association seeks to promote the development of and dissemination of ornithological research with a nationalist orientation. It publishes the journal El Canto del Centzontle (accessed through the SMO webpage).

CIPAMEX, Sociedad para el Estudio y Conservación de las Aves en México A.C. (, is a civil association, nonprofit, whose main objective is the study and conservation of birds and their habitats in Mexico. Currently, groups most ornithologists, students and conservationists interested in Mexican avifauna. CIPAMEX is member of the Ornithological Council, and publishes the journal HUITZIL Revista Mexicana de Ornitología (

PRONATURA A.C.: It is an association working for the conservation of ecosystems and their associated flora and fauna. It is a Mexican Partner of BirdLife International, American Bird Conservancy, and others.

NABCI-MEXICO (North American Bird Conservation Initiative or Iniciativa para la Conservación de las Aves de América del Norte; ICAAN o NABCI): The goal of this initiative is to promote the conservation of North American birds and their habitats and include organizations from Canada, United States and Mexico. The IBAs or AICAs program emerged as a joint idea of the Mexican Section of the International Council for Bird Preservation (CIPAMEX) and BirdLife International.

Museo de las Aves de Mexico (Saltillo, Coahuila):

It is found in the former Jesuit College of San Juan, architectural jewel of the mid-nineteenth century. Its mission is to inform, value and conserve the natural resources of Mexico and the world through the knowledge of birds. Has specimens that represent 75% of the country’s avifauna. It is the largest museum dedicated exclusively to birds

Academic and research opportunities (Mexico)

Graduate opportunities with ornithological orientation:in all cases there are possibilities for funding by grants from various sources to national and foreign students. See the corresponding pages for requirements.

Universidad Autónoma de México (UNAM), Graduate Studies Coordination:
* Biological, Chemical and Health Science Programs (Ciudad Universitaria, DF and other campi):
* Biological Sciences Program, UNAM:
* Marine Science and Limnology Program, UNAM:
* Doctoral Program in Biomedical Sciences, UNAM:
* The general list of advisors and areas of expertise can be accessed through

Instituto de Ecología A.C. (Xalapa, Veracruz). Magister/Doctoral Program in Sciences:

Magister/Doctoral Program in Conservation. Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo (Pachuca, Hidalgo):

Graduate Program School of Biological Sciences, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (Monterrey, Nuevo León): Magister/Doctoral programs focusing on Wildlife Management and Sustainable Development.

Graduate Program in Coastal and Marine Sciences, Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur (UABCS) (La Paz, BCS):

Magister/Doctoral Program in Environmental Sciences, Instituto Potosino de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica A.C., IPICYT (San Luis Potosí, SLP):

Center for Scientific Research and Higher Education (Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior) de Ensenada, Baja California (CICESE).

Life Sciences Doctoral Programa (PCV) :

Graduate Program in Marine Ecology:

El Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR): found in southern Mexico, in the states of Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo and Tabasco. It is a center of scientific research that offers a Magister in Sciences focusing on Natural Resources and Rural Development and a Doctoral program in Sciencies focusing on Ecology and Sustainable Development. It also offers a Magister Program in International Ecology.

Graduate Program Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana. Division of Biological and Health Sciences.
* Magister Program:
* Doctoral Program:

Universidad de Guadalajara: Graduate Program in Agricultural and Biological Sciences:

Institutions with Research/Academic Programs in Ornithology (Mexico)

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico (UNAM):

Centro de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas (CIEco), UNAM – Campus Morelia:

Facultad de Ciencias Museo de Zoología “Alfonso L. Herrera”, Evolutionary Biology Department

Unidad Multidisciplinaria de Investigación SISAL (Yucatán):

Facultad de Estudios Superiores, UNAM – Campus Iztacala:

Unidad de Biotecnología y Prototipos (UBIPRO), Ecology Laboratory:

Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia Departamento de Medicina y Zootecnia de Aves:

Instituto de Biología:

Zoology Department:

Biological Research Station “Chamela”:

Tropical Biology Research Station “Los Tuxtlas”:

Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Mazatlán Academic Unit. Shorebird Ecology Laboratory:

Instituto de Ecología:
* Biodiversity Ecology Department:
* Evolutionary Ecology Department:

Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas UNAM and Universidad de Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala Center of Behavioural Biology, Scientific Station La Malinche (ECLM):

Instituto de Ecología, A.C. (Xalapa, Veracruz)
* Red Temática de Biología Evolutiva:
* Red Temática de Biología y Conservación de Vertebrados:
* Red Temática de Ambiente y Sustentabilidad:

Universidad de Guadalajara:

Centro Universitario de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias CUCBA:

Centro Universitario de la Costa Sur CUCSUR, Instituto Manantlán de Ecología y Conservación de la Biodiversidad:

Estación Científica Las Joyas:

Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo. Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas:

Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas

Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales:

El Colegio de la Frontera Sur:

Unidad San Cristóbal de las Casas (Chiapas):
* Unidad Campeche:
* Unidad Chetumal (Quintana Roo):

Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada, Baja California (CICESE):

Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste S. C. (CIBNOR), La Paz, Baja California Sur:

Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán.
* Campus de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias:
* Cuerpo Académico de Bioecología Animal:

Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí
* Instituto Potosino de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica (IPICYT), Área de Ciencias Ambientales:

Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana. Unidad Iztapalapa, División de Ciencias Biológicas y de la Salud:

Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo (Morelia, Michoacán). Facultad de Biología:

Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos.
* Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas:
* Centro de Investigación en Biodiversidad y Conservación (CIByC) (before CEAMISH):


Sociedad Guatemalteca de Ornitología: You will find relevant information about Guatemalan ornithology as well as the publication (no longer edited) of this society (Pato-Poc).

PROEVAL-RAXMU Asociación de Proyectos Evaluados RAXMU:


In Belize there is not a national ornithological society but different NGOs and organizations working directly with birds or involving birds in different projects. However, the main actors involved in bird conservation and research are:

Belize Audubon Society:

Belize Raptor Research Institute:

Other organizations doing some research with birds (or who might support it) are:

The Belize Foundation for Research and Environmental Education (BFREE):

The Toledo Institute for Development and Environment (TIDE):

Ya’axché Conservation Trust:

Birds Without Borders:

Information about Belize diversity:

Universities: The University of Belize is the only educational institution that has or continues to work with birds. They do not have a specific ornithological program.

Biological Stations:

Las Cuevas

La Milpa Research Center

Cockscomb Basin Jaguar Preserve which is managed by Belize Audubon Society


There are no national ornithological societies or formal ornithology programs in universities in El Salvador and Honduras. However, if a student were looking to study in Honduras, and wanted to do a thesis on birds applied to some aspect of natural resources management or agriculture, Oliver Komar (okomar AT could supervise his/her undergraduate thesis, and so he/she could consider studying at Zamorano (Escuela Agrícola Panamericana en Honduras, and majoring in “Ambiente y Desarrollo”. Oliver could also be a good person to contact for ornithological research questions in these two countries.

ASIDE conducts work on Honduran Emerald and the Honduran Conservation Coalition also conducts research on birds in Honduras.


There are no ornithological societies in Nicaragua. However, some organizations conduct or provide support for ornithological research in Nicaragua.

Alianza para las Áreas Silvestres (ALAS):

FUNDECI/GAIA ( helps to strengthen the protection of the environment in Nicaragua, through promotion of scientific research and conservation activities. They administer the program “In Defense of Nature”, operate the Biological Research Station (Laguna de Apoyo Nature Reserve) and conduct a number of research and conservation projects throughout Nicaragua.

Red de Reservas Silvestres Privadas de Nicaragua ( These are privately owned but are credited and supervised by the Ministerio del Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (MARENA) and are part of the Sistema Nacional de Áreas Protegidas (SINAP).

Lista Patrón de las Aves de Nicaragua (

El Jaguar Reserve (and banding station)


Unión de Ornitólogos de Costa Rica:

Asociación de Ornitólogos de Costa Rica:

Fundación de Rapaces de Costa Rica:

The local ornithological journal is Zeledonia (published by the Asociación de Ornitólogos de Costa Rica:

Other journals that publish ornithological research in Costa Rica are:

Brenesia (a journal edited by the Natural History Department of the Museo Nacional de Costa Rica):

Revista de Biología Tropical (a publication of the Universidad de Costa Rica). It is also known as the International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation:

Cuadernos de Investigación UNED (Research Journal of the Costa Rican Distance Education University – Universidad Estatal a Distancia):

Costa Rican Universities and Museums associated with bird research:

Escuela de Biología, Universidad de Costa Rica:

Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas Universidad Nacional:

CATIE (Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza):

Museo de Zoología, Universidad de Costa Rica:

Museo Nacional de Costa Rica:

Costa Rican Biological Stations: Costa Rica has a large number of biological stations where bird research can be done. The following list is just a preliminary sample of those.

Organización para Estudios Tropicales:

Sistema Nacional de Áreas de Conservación:

Centro Científico Tropical:

Estación Biológica Monteverde:

Universidad de Georgia, Costa Rica:

Amigos de Osa:

Reserva La Tirimbina:

Veragua Rainforest:

Reserva Biológica El Copal:


There are non-national ornithological societies in Panama. However, the following are NGOs and institutions that work or could provide support for ornithological research.

Panama Audubon ( is the leading NGO dedicated to birds. Rosabel Miro ( is the contact person.

Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute  ( provides short-term fellowship and research opportunities for Latin American students. Includes the STRI Bird Collection ( curated by Matthew J. Miller (; http:  George Angehr is a Research Associate (; George authored the most recent field guide to Panama’s birds and knows a lot about bird goings on in Panama.

Ancon (Asociación Nacional para la Conservación de la Naturaleza) Panama maintains private reserves, some of which are focused on bird habitats, and promotes other conservation projects in Panama (

CEASPA (Asociación Centro de Estudios y Acción Social Panameño) is a grassroots conservation group based out of Achoite, Colón, Panama that promotes environmental education and conservation projects in the area, with a strong focus on conservation through birding development (; phone: 6567-5634; 6019-8753).

The Azuero Earth Project is a conservation NGO in the Azuero region. They don’t specifically focus on birds, but they have an active internship and conservation research and outreach program (

Academic and research opportunities

STRI (Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute; is the most organized institution with official study and training opportunities.

The University of Panama has some faculty with interest in birds (

INDICASAT (Instituto de Investigaciones Científicas y Servicios de Alta Tecnología

de Panamá) offers a PhD program in biodiversity technology and there may be opportunities for study in applied research questions related to birds (

The Canopy Tower group of lodges has a strong interest in ornithology. (

Guido Berguido has established a private nature reserve in Cerro Chucantí. Guido is a passionate bird guide (


Unión Venezolana de Ornitólogos (UVO): This NGO publishes the journal Revista Venezolana de Ornitología (RVO).

Fundación William H. Phelps: It includes the Phelps Ornithological Collection (COP), the major ornithological collection in Venezuela. Collection Director: Miguel Lentino ( Curator: Margarita Martínez (

Sociedad Conservacionista Audubon de Venezuela:

Provita:, an institution focusing on environmental conservation, and research, conservation and management of threatened species. Provita has produced the Red Books of the Fauna, Flora and Ecosystems of Venezuela.

Academic/research opportunities:

Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, Centro de Ecología:

Museo de Historia Natural La Salle:ónde%20estamos/CAMPUS%20CARACAS/Museo%20de%20Historia%20Natural%20La%20Salle.

Museo de la Estación Biológica de Rancho Grande, Maracay:

Centro de Investigaciones Ecológicas de Guayana (CIEG) de la Universidad Nacional Experimental de Guayana (UNEG):

Universidad Simón Bolívar, Coordinación de Biología:

Universidad de Los Andes, Facultad de Ciencias, Departamento de Biología:

Universidad del Zulia, Facultad Experimental de Ciencias:

Universidad Central de Venezuela, Instituto de Zoología y Ecología Tropical, Centro Museo de Biología:


Asociación Colombiana de Ornitología (ACO): This association publishes the journal Ornitología Colombiana (

Sociedad Antioqueña de Ornitología (SAO): It publishes the journal Boletín de la Sociedad Antioqueña de Ornitología (Boletín SAO):

Sociedad Caldense de Ornitología:

Asociación Calidris (Asociación para el Estudio y Conservación de las Aves Acuáticas en Colombia):

Red Colombiana de Observadores de Aves RNOA:

Fundación ProAves is a conservation NGO that has established a network of private nature reserves for birds and wildlife in Colombia, its own journal Conservación Colombiana and published other literature including bird lists and a field guide to the birds of Colombia.



Aves Ecuador is meant for all the birders and ornithologists that are interested in sharing the latest news on birds and birding in Ecuador.

Fundación Jocotoco is a conservation organization in Ecuador operating a network of private reserves protected Ecuador’s rarest birds.


Asociación Ecosistemas Andinos (ECOAN) is a conservation organization in Peru working with communities in the Andes to protect Peru’s rarest birds. They operate several nature reserves for tourists and researchers, including a research station at Abra Patricia.

CORBIDI is a Peruvian association dedicated to inventorying the biodiversity of Peru and maintains a collection of bird specimens for ornithological research.

Unión de Ornitólogos del Perú (UNOP) produces a journal (Boletin UNOP) on Peruvian ornithology.


Asociación Civil Armonía is a Bolivian conservation organization that conducts ornithological research and conservation projects to protect Bolivia’s rarest birds. They work with local communities and operate a network of nature reserves in Bolivia, including a research station at Barba Azul Nature Reserve in the Beni. 


AvesChile | Unión de Ornitólogos de Chile (UNORCH) promotes research and conservation of birds in Chile.





AQUASIS is a Brazilian conservation group working to protect some of Brazil’s rarest birds including the Araripe Manakin and Gray-breasted Parakeet.

Biodiversitas is a Brazilian conservation group working to protect some of Brazil’s rarest birds including the Lear’s Macaw.

SAVE Brasil is a Brazilian conservation group working to protect some of Brazil’s rarest birds including species at their Serra do Urubu Reserve.